Kumquat Fruit

Kumquat Fruit
08.05.2018

Kumquat, Kinkan, Fortunella-this is not a plant, but the fruit of some species of citrus plants, which are allocated to the subgenus Fortunella (lat. Fortunella). This subgenus includes 6 species: Hong Kong kumquat Malayan kumquat, kumquat Marumi, Maeve kumquat, kumquat Naga (has two subspecies - Nordmann, Naomi and Variegated kumquat) and Fukushi kumquat.
A native of Indochina, kumquat (in Cantonese dialect is a Golden orange) different from oranges not only in appearance - a sweet skin hides the heart with a sour taste. It is found on the shelves both fresh and dried. A remarkable citrus, similar to a reduced rounded lemon or elongated orange, has a number of positive properties for the body. This is one of citrus fruits, which can and should be eaten directly with the peel.
Homeland is considered as, and many citrus fruits - China. There it is also called kinkan, which translates as Golden apples or Golden oranges. The first mention of it found in the ancient Chronicles of the 12th century. Residents of Europe did not even know about kumquat, what kind of fruit. In the early 19th century, a group of Portuguese sailors brought outlandish little mandarins from another trip. Later, in 1846 Robert Fortune, a Scottish botanist, described kumquat and brought it to England for the first time. In honor of the scientist, orange mini fruit, a genus of citrus plants called Fortunella. Today, the plant lives in countries with subtropical humid climate in Southeast Asia, China, India, Japan, Thailand, is gradually developing the Mediterranean and the United States. You can meet other names of fruit: Kinkala, the fruit of the wise men, gold, or Japanese orange. Its Latin name is Fortunella.
The plant can not be called a longevity, on average, kumquat exists no more than 40 years. During this time the tree grows up to 2,5-4 meters in height, decorating itself with a magnificent, dense green crown. Dense, but flexible branches are sometimes protected by thorns and densely strewn with numerous small leaves of saturated emerald color. In mid-summer on the branches appear delicate white flowers with five petals. Fruit emerge closer to winter. The plant bears fruit around November to April, depending on the variety. During the year, the tree brings from several hundred to several thousand small citrus fruits. The fruit itself is small: about 5 cm in length and 3 in diameter, weighs about 30 grams. The peel is dense, but thin, it is painted in different shades. Different varieties bring different coloring fruits from light yellow to deep orange.
Kumquat is sold fresh or dried in stores. It is a small fruit (the size of a large walnut), elongated shape and bright orange color. They are covered with dense skin, like an orange or tangerine. This is not surprising, because they all belong to the same genus - Citrus. Kumquat can be said to be their younger brother. Inside it consists of the same segments, only smaller. As part of a lot of vitamin C, A, E, group B. in the peel a lot of useful minerals - copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum. The beneficial properties of Jasmine: Antioxidant; immune-stimulating; energy; restorative; anti-fungal; it improves the blood; beneficial effect on the organs of vision; and pain in the skin are essential oil with antiviral activity; normalizes metabolism; help to normalize intestinal microflora, improve digestive processes; a sedative, relieves stress. One of the main useful properties of the fruit - regulation of digestion with daily consumption. Only 8 fruits are equivalent to 10 grams of plant fiber, and eating a handful of small fragrant fruits is not difficult! This amount of fiber will provide normal intestinal motility, prevent intestinal spasms, eliminate constipation and excess gases. Fiber-rich exotic fruit is an important product for preventing the development of type 2 diabetes, as dietary fiber helps to optimize the balance of insulin and glucose in the body. Kumquat-a good source of vitamin C-47.9 mg / 100 g, which is 73% of the recommended daily allowance for adults. Vitamin C helps stimulate the growth of new cells, removes free radicals from the body and increases the activity of the immune system that protects the body from infections, bacteria and fungi. Regular consumption of this fruit will enrich the body with b vitamins necessary for normal functioning of the nervous system. Products, replenishing stocks of b-vitamins, are shown primarily to those who are experiencing increased nervously-emotional stress, insufficient sleep or suffering from depression. In the composition of kumquat there is manganese, magnesium, copper, iron and folic acid necessary for the formation of red blood cells. The product is rich in vitamin a and betacarotene, which are closely related to eye health. Betacarotene works as an antioxidant that reduces oxidative stress in the cells of the macula and thus prevents the development of cataracts. Despite its small size, kumquat fruits contain a significant amount of carbohydrates and are well saturated. Orange fruit is a suitable snack for active people who want to quickly and simply resume their energy reserves. Also in kumquat is a high level of Riboflavin-a key vitamin involved in energy production. Low calorie fruit (total 71 kcal / 100 gr.) along with the high content of fiber, water and carbohydrates make it an ideal dietary product for people trying to lose weight. Kumquat quickly gives a feeling of fullness and fullness of the stomach, preventing overeating. A remarkable combination of antioxidants and vitamins found in the plant makes it an ideal product to protect the skin from free radical damage. Eating foods rich in anti-oxidants, slow down the formation of wrinkles, age spots, rough areas.
In the pulp of the fruit also contains a special substance - furocoumarin having pronounced antifungal activity. Especially his many in dried kumquat, that makes this variety especially useful. If you deficiency to rectify the situation just 2-3 fruit each day for 7-10 days. Also invaluable is the use of dried kumquat with hangover syndrome, it allows you to get out of the state with the least loss of health. For amendment provisions is enough just to chew on the fruit. Dried fruit peel extracts essential oils that have antibacterial and antiviral properties, so it can be used for inhalation for colds, for disinfection of premises. In addition to drying, sun drying, cooking candied fruits from kumquat is used. In the latter case (cooking fruits in sugar syrup) - the usefulness of kumquat decreases, increases its caloric content and this kind of natural sweets should not be consumed with diabetes and obesity. Just crushed peel is added to the tea, and, as in black and green. The resulting fortified drink useful for colds, increases metabolism, promotes weight loss. It is recommended to Humanities and other professionals, actively working head. No wonder kumquats are also called "food of the sages"in the East. In addition to beneficial effects on attention and concentration, tincture reduces blood cholesterol, makes blood vessels more elastic, is considered to be the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Kumquat has not so many contraindications to use: like other citrus fruits, this product can be a strong allergen; it is desirable to exclude fruit from the diet for the period of feeding the baby, as it can provoke diathesis in the child; caution should be exercised by those who have serious stomach diseases, primarily - ulcers or gastritis. In other cases, it is not only possible, but also necessary to eat. Be confused by his little fame is not worth it.