Rambutan - a tropical fruit tree of the family Spinduliai, native to Southeast Asia, is cultivated in many countries of the region. The name of the plant comes from the Indonesian "rambut", which means "hair," because of the appearance of the fruit.
Evergreen tree up to 25 metres with a wide spreading crown. Properities leaves, with 2-8 oval or ovate leathery leaves. The flowers are small, clustered in branched inflorescences at the ends of branches. The fruits are round or oval with a size of 3-6 cm, grow clusters to 30 pieces. As they Mature change colour from green to yellow-orange, and then bright red. Covered with a dense, but easily separated from the flesh skinned, covered with hard, curved at the ends of the crochet hair dark or light brown, up to 2 cm Their flesh is gelatinous, white or slightly reddish, fragrant, pleasant sweet-sour taste, much like sweet green grapes. Seed large, oval, up to 3 cm, brownish color. The fruit is eaten mainly in fresh and canned with sugar.
Fruit not quite familiar to our language the name is firmly settled in the list are edible, tasty and useful fruit. It grows in a tropical climate. Or rather the tree, the rambutan is grown in small private gardens in Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and South-East Asia. However, in each country it is called differently. Rambutan is also very popular in Africa, Australia, Central America and the Caribbean Islands. But the most extensive plantations of rambutan, perhaps, located in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia and the Philippines. The fruits of rambutan are yellow, red or red-orange color, they have a hairy skin, which is similar to the peel of the chestnuts, just a different color. During the consumption of the peel removed to get the white edible part. Inside the fruit of the rambutan is edible bone, but the taste is not appealing and it tastes like acorn. Rambutan love in Thailand – indigenous people talk about it a lot of beautiful legends, but when it's August, the Thais are widely celebrated festival, dedicated this tree. Although outwardly it's unremarkable low-growing plant. Due to the large number of subspecies is difficult to describe all its properties – they are deciduous and evergreen, the fruit can be in the form of berries and fruits. The flesh is white, almost transparent and gelatinous, very pleasant aroma and sweet taste. Because of the rind of the fruit some call a "hairball" or hairy fruit. Buying rambutan, you need to pay attention to the color of the fruit. Experts say that fruit should be deep red in color, and the tips of the spines green. After the purchase, it is necessary to remember that rambutan is poorly stored. If you keep it in the fridge, then shelf life is not more than one week. Otherwise he will become just the food. Rambutan have great taste not only fresh, but also in the composition of the fillings for pies, for making jams. They are used as an additive to sauces, ice cream and various drinks.
In Thai medicine, the use as fruit pulp, seeds, rind, and broth of leaves of a tree, its roots. Thais believe the rambutan tree sacred, having magical power. The fruit saying that his appearance is terrible, but the taste is divine. The fruits are composed and antioxidant components. Rambutan can be effective against cancer. It has been proven that the skin, seeds and fruits are effective against various types of cancer. The peel of an exotic fruit is filled with antioxidants that are really healthy. The antiseptic properties of rambutan were also confirmed by scientific research in Malaysia - the fruit can help to protect the body from many bacteria and other pathogens. This product has many vitamins and minerals such as B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, potassium, calcium, manganese, magnesium, iron, vitamin C and dietary fiber. It is very important for the functioning of the body and protect the body from aging in the long term. Another very useful feature of this amazing fruit is that it helps to remove waste from our kidneys. This is done using the phosphorus present in the rambutan. Phosphorus is also necessary for the development, restoration and maintenance of tissues and cells of the body. Seeds of rambutan fruits have their own medicinal value. If swallowed, they can ease the symptoms experienced by patients with diabetes. The rambutan is quite a large amount of vitamin C, it is also very important for the development of sperm. The possible lack of vitamin C in men can lead to limited ability to effective reproduction. This condition can be improved tool that demands that the people raised their vitamin C about 500 mg for a month. It is known that in many cases it improves the quality and quantity of sperm. The fruit is very effective in reducing the fat content in the human body. Hairy fruit rambutan rich in carbohydrates and are renowned for their protein content, which contributes almost instant increase in energy levels when eaten. High water content in fruits also helps to quench thirst and to regain lost energy. It is very suitable for joggers and other sports players due to this property. Of the many nutrients contained in fruits, it contains copper, which is vital to the production of red and white blood cells in our body. Fruits also contain manganese, which is needed by the body to produce enzymes and their activation. Enzymes are needed to perform many biochemical functions in the body. Another advantage of these fruits is that they help to strengthen our bones. This is because fruits are rich in calcium, phosphorus and iron. Healthier bones lead to stable growth and reducing the chances of fractures and other destructive bone disease.
While excess consumption of exotic fruit rambutan food revealed toxicity for the body. For information, the normal use of this exotic — 4-5 fruit per day, with good endurance to 8. In the seed there are traces of alkaloid, and the egg contains saponin and tannin. The seeds are considered as bitter and narcotic and without heat treatment are not used. The rind of the fruit also contains a toxic saponin and tannin. Therefore, the seeds and the peel should not be taken in big quantities. With overeating possible obvious diarrhea.
If you're wondering what to make of this unusual exotic fruit, then you can add it to a variety of desserts and drinks: smoothies, ice cream, puddings, cocktails, jelly. Also the rambutan will be a wonderful tender filling for sweet pastries. Rambutan is not only used in cooking but also in some other areas. Cosmetology. The oil contained in the seed of the rambutan, have a pleasant aroma and thick consistency, therefore used for making Soaps and decorative scented candles. The juice and extracts of the fruit are added to the lotions, oils and cream. Textile industry. Of the vine shoots is used to produce dyes for the sensitive and delicate materials such as silk. Furniture production. Wood and bark of the plant are manufactured pieces of furniture, their parts and decorative elements. Traditional medicine. For example, is made of green shoots, the infusion can be used for headaches in the form of compresses. And the funds derived from the roots, help to recover, for example, in the postpartum period after intensive exercise or serious illness.
Try this exotic fruit! Eat on health! And always be cheerful and happy!