Lychee fruit

Lychee fruit

Chinese litchi - the fruit of an evergreen tree growing in the tropics: Thailand, Cambodia, China, Vietnam, Africa, America. It has a broad spreading crown, the trunk grows to a height of 15-30 meters.
The leaves are paripinnate, made up of four to eight leaves elongated-ovate or lanceolate in shape with pointed end. Lamina entire, shiny on top, dark green, below grayish-green. Flowers without petals, with a yellowish or greenish Cup gathered in a lush umbrella-shaped inflorescence up to 70 cm, However, of the numerous flowers of an inflorescence develops in only 3-15 fruit, the rest crumble. Fruit small, oval, length 2.5-4 cm Peel their red color, covered with numerous pointed tubercles. Bright jelly-like pulp is easily separated from the rind, has a sweet taste with a slight wine tinge. The taste is reminiscent of lychee grape, slightly knits mouth. In the center of the fruit is a dark brown bone oval. In the subtropics of the lychee crop is collected in may and June.
The ancient Chinese used lychee in the food already in the II century BC. Gradually this plant began to be cultivated in the neighboring countries. Lychee is now one of the most popular fruits in South-East Asia. The first European mention of litchi dates back to the XVII century. Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza, thanks to the lychee which was called "Chinese plum", wrote that this fruit resembles a plum that never burdens the stomach and can be eaten in large numbers.
Fresh fruits have a bright color. The darker the color of the rind of this tropical fruit, the longer it has been the worse its taste. In the food used by those lychee, which are not pressed through fingers, tight, elastic, without holes and dents. There are several varieties of this tasty product, but all the rind is not edible. To get to the edible part you need from bumpy shell to get rid of: it is easy to clean with your fingers, for convenience, it is possible to bite the hand clean off. Eating inside the lychee is a translucent whitish flesh, firm, not creamy, the taste is sweet berry wine grape flavor, inside a large stone that is easily separated from the pulp. They say that those who have ever tried this tropical fruit, will fall in love with him forever. No wonder our century litchi ahead of any fruit for its popularity in Southeast Asia and it is famous not only taste. Lychee a delicious and nutritious fresh, they are fully dried (and this is becoming a walnut), peeled (remove the bone) and canned in a sugar syrup prepared from them, jelly, ice cream and other desserts. The Chinese add this fruit when preparing their traditional wines.
Moderate consumption of lychee helps with cough. In China, litchi seeds are used as analgesic, and they are prescribed in neuralgia and orchitis. One berry weighing about 20 grams contains potassium, manganese, fluorine, phosphorus, sodium, iodine, calcium, zinc, chlorine, iron, magnesium, sulphur, copper. That's what fruit or berry you know, with the number of elements of the periodic table? And medicines no don't. And the lychee are vitamins C and H, K and E, PP and group B. Berry medium sweetness, it can contain from 5-6% to 13-14% sugar. It depends on the place where lychee grows from trees. The calorie content of one fruit is not more than 66 calories, it has fiber, carbohydrates and proteins. Such rich content in litchi useful properties beneficial effect on General health. Vitamin C: fights viral infections, enhances immunity. Potassium is indispensable for cores, for those who have a reduced hemoglobin in the blood and high cholesterol in the blood vessels. Vitamin PP - the means of combating atherosclerosis. The combination of other trace elements and to successfully cope with diseases of the kidneys, lungs, liver, stomach and intestinal colic, normalizes the level of sugar in blood and the activity of the pancreas. The lychee contains origonal, which is a powerful antioxidant. If, along with lychees make the lemongrass and some other herbs, can treat cancer or at least slow down the development of this scourge. Hindus appreciate litchi for strengthening the male power, so eat it regularly. Relieves thirst because in large volume contains water. Eaten before lunch a few ripe berries a little give your body, and you will not eat too much. Cures constipation, bronchitis, tuberculosis, asthma is also subject to the action of lychee, relieves stress, stimulates brain activity, and cures anemia. Lychee rich, therefore helps to reduce weight or keep it normal. Of course, when used correctly. Pediatricians agree that children litchi useful as a means of helping to shape the skeleton, strengthen teeth and bones. Litchi is not able to hurt anyone. Except that those who will be allergic to this exotic fruit. And nutritionists advise to eat a day more than one hundred grams of fruit. The glut threatens to bloating and flatulence.
The caloric value of litchi per 100 g - 66 kcal (276 kJ) and also this: Carbohydrates - of 16.53. Proteins - 0.83 Fats of 0.44 g Water - 81,76 g. Dietary fiber 1.5 g Disaccharides of 15.23 g Vitamins: B1 (thiamine) - 0,011 mg B3 (Niacin) - 0,6 mg B6 (pyridoxine) - 0.1 mg, E (tocopherol) - 0,07 mg C (ascorbic-TA) - 71,5 mg. K - 0.4 ág. Micro and macro elements: Potassium 171 mg Magnesium - 10 mg Phosphorus - 31 mg Calcium - 5 mg. Iron 0,31 mg Sodium - 1 mg Zinc - 0.07 mg. Selenium - 0.6 ág. Manganese - 0,055 mg. Eat health this wonderful fruit!