The fruit of the mangosteen comes from the same Botanical family Garcinia cambogia. He came to us from Malaysia, but most travelers are known from a trip to Thailand. Grows on high trees with a pyramidal crown, large leaves interesting coloring. The leaves combine yellow and green and very beautiful. And the fruits are covered with thick inedible skins, from which the latex. Mangosteen sweet and sour, refreshing and very popular in tropical countries. In Thailand they call him "Mong Khut" which means "Queen of fruits". According to ancient legend, the Buddha first found mangosteen and gave it to people, so it is called fruit of the Gods.
Mangosteen is so loved by Europeans that the data on it in historical Chronicles and diaries of famous people. For example, the taste of mangosteen so impressed Queen Victoria that she issued a decree in which he promised cash reward to anyone who would row regularly deliver exotic fruit to the Royal table. A Swedish scientist Eric Meberg at the turn of XIX - XX centuries compared attempts to describe the delicious taste of the mangosteen with blasphemy.
Mangosteen can grow successfully in the humid Equatorial climate. Other environmental conditions can be detrimental to him. For example, when the temperature drops below the level of 5 ° C the tree dies. Also adversely affected by periods of drought and strong winds. It is noteworthy that the mangosteen flowers do not require pollination by birds, butterflies, bees, because they have both male and female characteristics that leads to pregnant. The colors also there is no nectar. The fruiting period, for example, in Thailand, begins in late April or later in may and ends in July-August.
Good mangosteen must be large and dense to the touch, but nevertheless slightly soft bounce when you touch the fruit. Do not take a little fruit, as they contain less pulp. Fruit, firm to the touch, dry, chapped skin is already overdue. The color of the shell is bright purple, without spots. The presence of spots indicates the long-term storage, the taste may not be the best. If the peel is damaged, there is a high probability of getting bitter juice inside to the core, causing the taste of the mangosteen can be broken. Therefore, choose only whole instances. Normal fruit - weighty feel in the hand. Prefer larger fruits, and they core more. Leaves of Garcinia can also tell you about its quality: the brown color of the leaves indicates that the fruit is overripe, and quite possibly have already begun the process of decay. The leaves on top should be bright green. Circular motion cut the mangosteen at the top, try not to touch the flesh. The cuts can be done on the sides and bottom of the fruit then the peel is carefully removed. Mangosteen can be stored in the refrigerator for one to two weeks.
Most of the representatives of tropical fruit is a real treasure that contains nutrients. Mangosteen is no exception. Biologically active substances of the fruits of this tree are used by people from many ailments. Mangosteen is the real source of the most important human elements: vitamins C and E, Riboflavin, thiamine, nitrogen, calcium, magnesium, zinc, sodium and potassium. And thus, she has a very low level of acid-alkaline balance (pH) – total 3.2. Thais eat a mangosteen in a raw form, as well as the "bed" of crushed ice. In this kind mangosteen has a very refreshing taste, especially after hot and spicy food. Mangosteen can be filling for pies, add the fruit and spicy fruit salads, milk shakes, cook with the pulp of mangosteen soufflé, and curry sauces for fish. A light, delicate taste. goes well with seafood, especially squid and shrimp. For medical purposes mangosteen is used for diarrhea. The flesh remaining on the peel to clean, cook and prepare this healthful tea. Alternatively, the flesh can be baked, then soaked in water and add to the mashed potatoes, which is to be every two hours. Mangosteen is very rich in calcium, phosphorus and vitamins B and C. According to scientific data contained in mangostana xanthones can affect blood clotting. So doctors advise to eat these fruits people taking medications that thin the blood. Also possible allergic reactions to mangostin and individual intolerance of the fruit. Mangostin and used in pharmacology. Almost everyone knows about the antioxidant properties of vitamins C and E, however, much less people are aware of the incredible capabilities of xanthones - natural chemical substances, which recently were discovered by scientists. In a careful study of the medical capabilities of xanthones, it was discovered the following pharmacological properties: Maintains microbial balance; protection of the immune system; increasing the General adaptability of the organism to the external environment; ensuring good mental activity. But what is most interesting is that not only the inner flesh, but the whole fruit as a whole , is yet the only known source of this substance is representative of a new generation of strong phytonutrients that has yet to change the future of dietary supplements. And in recent time the world markets appeared mangostine juice, called "XanGo", it is recommended to drink to maintain good health and a speedy recovery after serious diseases and operations. Studies on the possible beneficial effects of xanthones in the treatment of cancer. In Ghana twigs langostinos wood chew like chewing sticks. In China the rind of the fruit that contains a lot of tannin, catechin and resins, added to the compositions for leather tanning and the manufacture of black dye. Wood langostinos wood is used in carpentry and construction.
In a dry place at room temperature mangostine will lie unchanged for almost a month before their skins will start to become hard and the flesh is dry. Studies have shown that at a temperature of +3...6°C and humidity about 90% of mangostine retain its taste and useful properties for 49 days.