The Island Of Phuket

The Island Of Phuket
05.02.2017

Phuket is located off the West coast of Thailand in the Andaman sea of the Indian ocean. Phuket leads the list of the largest Islands of Thailand. With the mainland part of the Kingdom the island is connected by three bridges. Previously, the prosperity of Phuket has a rich and colourful history, was carried out on the extraction of tin and rubber. And since he was one of the major trading routes between India and China, was frequently mentioned in foreign ship logs of Portuguese, French, Dutch and English merchants. Today, the province the major part of its revenue thanks to the huge tourist popularity of the island.
Phuket is the largest island of Thailand, located in the southern part of the Kingdom. From the isthmus of KRA separates Pakhra Strait, whose width at the narrowest point is about 410 meters. The island stretches from North to South almost 50 miles at maximum width up to 21 kilometers. The main territory of the island of Phuket is occupied by the lowlands up to a height of 500 meters. About 70 % of the area of the island covered hills. The remaining 30 %, mainly in the centre and South lie the lowland plains. Hills are split into separate arrays deep transverse passages. On the West side slopes are usually more abrupt. In the Northern part of the island separate arrays have a gentle lowering of the heights to the West.
Phuket has acquired immense popularity and prominence as a seaside resort of international importance in the main part due to its excellent beaches, wide enough, long and covered with very fine white sand. Most beaches are located on the Western, southwestern and southern coast of the island.
One of the most popular tourist areas is Patong beach, which name translates from Thai language as "banana forest". Major shopping centers, trendy shops and restaurants, entertainment centers, entertainment venues and night clubs of Phuket are located here. Despite the fact that the area continues to develop rapidly. As a result, most of the hotels are situated in the interior of the island, sometimes at a distance of several kilometers from the coast, and during the high and peak tourist seasons the beach is crowded with vacationers. Other, almost equally visited the beaches located South of Patong. Including Karon, Kata, Kata Noi, and further to the South - Naihan beach. North of Patong are the beaches of Kamala, Surin, Bangtao, Nai Yang and others. As a rule, they are less built up, less noisy and crowded than Patong. They give preference to families with children, older travelers and people seeking a more calm and measured rest. Some of the beaches North of Phuket, in particular, Nai Yang, located in the national marine Park of Siri NAT.
Phuket's climate is tropical monsoon, that is, there is a clear division of the year into two seasons: dry and wet. The dry season occurs from November to April and the wet lasts from may to October. Temperature is virtually constant throughout the year. During the monsoon precipitation is characterized by long-lasting high and medium intensity. Dominated by broken clouds. The minimum duration of sunshine occurs in July and September. At this time, there are days when the rain may not stop for most of the day. In the dry season the probability of rain is very low, but they are not excluded. At this time, precipitation can be described as short heavy. Mostly prevail in the morning hours. Very short (from several minutes to half an hour), powerful rains give way to bright sun. Cloud is weak or absent. From June to August on most of the beaches West and South-West coasts of Phuket there are strong underwater currents, which makes them extremely unsafe for swimming and snorkeling. The presence of a red flag on the beach means that swimming is associated with risk for life, so as an alternative more prudent to use the swimming pool at the hotel.
Aside from beaches, tourists are attracted to the island's cultural and historical attractions, the ability to make inexpensive purchases, the rich underwater world of the Andaman sea, Golf courses of the world level, as well as being an official ban on sex tourism. The island has several museums: the Thalang national Museum, Thai Hua Museum, mining Museum, Museum of sea shells. Almost simultaneously, followed by Pattaya, where in 1975 opened the first in Thailand professional diving centre with scuba diving, Phuket appeared lovers of this sport. The island became a base for expeditions to the Similan Islands that are included in the ratings of the best dive sites in the world on the version of many authoritative editions, as well as other Islands of the Andaman sea. Thailand is annually visited by more than half a million scuba divers.
In 1989 the project of Thai Golf course architect, Sukitte Klangvisai in Phuket built the first Golf course, "Phuket Country club". The area has undergone complete remediation, career was transformed into a lake and dumps into the green hills. A terrifying landscape, formed as a result of the extraction of tin ore and centuries obezvrezivate island, appealed to his unique and undeniable dignity. The success of this project led to a rapid increase in the number of Golf courses on Phuket, many of which meet the highest international standards and become the owners of prestigious tournaments. Golf today attracts to Phuket hundreds of thousands of players. With the continued growth in 2015-2016, Thailand will be the largest in the world in number of Golf tourists ahead in this ranking Spain.
As at 31 December 2012, in Phuket province lived 390 905. These data take into account only officially registered persons resident in the province. However, at the time of high and peak season period from November to April, the province's population increases significantly due to seasonal workers coming to work from other provinces of Thailand and from neighboring countries. It is believed that about 20% of Phuket residents are foreigners, so you need to add to the calculation from 35 000 to 50 000 tourists visiting the island every month, residents, entrepreneurs, retirees, and property owners that remain on the island most of the year. Thus, the actual population may exceed the official data.
The main gateway of the province it is an international airport located in the Northern part of the island, 32 kilometers from downtown Phuket. The island is no railway, the nearest station is in Surat Thani province, where in Phuket can be reached by regular bus flight.
Until 1967, Phuket was connected with the mainland only by sea transport. The first bridge opened a land connection, was named in honor of the then acting Prime Minister of Thailand, Photo Sarashina. With a total length of 660 meters, almost half of its length of 300 meters, had the dam, which, combined with the low height of the stairs did Pakhra Strait is closed to shipping. Increasing year by year, the flow of vehicles has necessitated the construction of the bridge and Thep krasattri, commissioned at the turn of the Millennium. It is carried out in the southern direction. 1 Aug 2011 commissioned bridge si Sunthon, in which movement is organized in a northerly direction. Sarasin bridge is now closed to vehicle traffic after the reconstruction it became a pedestrian. The Central part of the bridge was raised by five meters, which again made Pakhra navigable Strait, on both its ends is arranged a viewing platform in the rotunda.
The only form of public transport in Phuket is the songthaew. Due to the large number of passengers on the island, they are built on the basis of cars of greater capacity than similar vehicles in other parts of Thailand, and more like a bus. Most often they can be found on the trails leading to the beaches. Within the capital of the province organized a regular city bus routes. Traditional motorickshaws, otherwise tuk-tuks are replaced here by small vans, mostly red, rarely yellow and green. Prices for taxi cabs and tuk-tuk comparable, and songthaew much cheaper. Travel between settlements within the province is carried out usually at fixed rates. Taxis with meters are very rare.