Sugar Apple (Annona squamosal)

Sugar Apple (Annona squamosal)
07.01.2017

Sugar Apple - tree height from 3 to 6 m with a double row of leaves 5-15 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, fragrant when crushed. Flowers fragrant, oblong, 2.5-3.8 cm long, are located along the branches and have two outer and two inner petal. Difficult the fruit has a round shape and reaches a length of 10 centimeters. Inside the fruit there is a white fibrous cream fragrant juicy sweet pulp and between 20 and 60 black shiny seeds. Sugar Apple is a large, (about 300-350 g), can be round, oblong or conical shape. In length reaches up to 10 cm. Peel bumpy: consists of convex segments and may be painted in pale green, bluish-green or gray-green color. Inside hides a fibrous creamy-succulent milky white flesh that has a delicious taste and aroma. Each segment contains a single oblong seed. The harvest season falls in the period from June to September. Ripe fruit is very soft, thin skin, easily damaged. Overripe sugar apples are revealed, exposing the seeds.
Today, the sugar Apple is widely cultivated in South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, in Thailand. In India sugar Apple brought the Portuguese in the late 16th century. At this time it has grown in Indonesia and widely distributed in southern China, Polynesia, Australia, Tropical Africa, the lowlands of Palestine, Egypt and Hawaii. In addition, this fruit is one of the most popular fruits in Brazil. This fruit there are in great demand and to meet any market or market.
Fruit Sugar Apple contains many nutrients that are in the Thai medicine has long been used to treat a variety of diseases. For example, for fainting and hysterical fits of patients were allowed to smell the mixture of crushed leaves Annonas; decoctions of leaves and bark used in the treatment of ulcers, dysentery, open wounds, as improves digestion, antipyretic and tonic means. Taking baths with the leaves of the sugar Apple eases rheumatic pain. The pulp of unripe fruits helps to fight diarrhea. Going to try the sugar Apple, beware: the seeds of this delicious fruit are poisonous. No recommendations physicians should not eat the bark and leaves of the plant. They contain the dangerous alkaloid anoyin. The powder obtained from the seeds of the sugar Apple is used as a fish poison and insecticide. Oil obtained from these seeds, in Thailand poison the pests of garden plants.
The consistency of the edible pulp of sugar Apple resembles a well-rubbed mashed potatoes. To reach it, you need to gently lift the scales peel or tear the fruit in half. Very convenient to eat uncovered raw sugar Apple tea (don't forget to spit out the bones!). In Thailand, the sugar Apple fruits used in cooking for preparation of desserts and soft drinks. For example, a delicious cocktail can be obtained by mixing the flesh of the sugar Apple with chilled milk. Thai people love this fruit for full-bodied taste. The pulp of ripe Annonas sweet and reminiscent of butter cream for the cake. The only negative sugar Apple - a large number of dangerous seeds, which do not allow to relax, enjoying the delicate flavor.
Vitamins: Niacin – 0,65-0,93 mg, Thiamine – 0,10-0,13 mg, Riboflavin compared to 0.11-0.17 mg, Ascorbic acid – 35 - mg. 43 a Number of vitamins, which is rich in exotic fruit, a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. And the use of vitamins of group "b" contributes to the renewal and tissue growth, increases muscle endurance and is involved in collagen formation. Also, in Naini include the essential for the human body amino acids: Lysine 54-69 mg, Tryptophan – 7-10 mg, Methionine – 6-8 mg. One hundred grams of ripe fruit contains 88.9-95.7 calories, which is a lot. Thanks to this energy value and high content of other nutrients (per 100 grams of pulp of iron - 0.28-1.34 mg, phosphorus 23.6-55.3 mg; calcium 19.4-44.7 mg). This fruit is recommended to people in need of emergency food. In addition, the sugar Apple of the tropics is rich in vitamins - carotene, thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin and ascorbic acid (34.7-42.2 mg).
Due to its composition, fruit is perfectly quenches thirst and hunger, is an excellent source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.